Éditions JFD

Property Cases and Materials

Auteur : Matthew P. Harrington

ISBN : 978-2-923710-43-3

Copyright : 2014

Nombre de pages : 596

Pour toutes questions ou commentaires concernant le produit, veuillez nous contacter.

Description

This casebook provides a basic introduction to the common law of property for students in Canadian law schools. In addition, to the “classic” cases from English and Canadian jurisprudence, this book utilises materials from around the common law world in an attempt to show the interconnectedness of the common law tradition. Topics include theories of property ownership, the acquisition of property, the doctrines of tenure and estates, leases, as well as a consideration of problems of marital property and co-ownership. In addition, the text presents a basic introduction to the real estate sales transaction.

Table des matières

Introduction to Property

1. What Do We Mean By "Property"?

2. The Case for Private Property

■  Henry Sumner Maine, Ancient Law (1861) 223-223

■  Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologica (1278) Bk. 2, pt. 2, q. 66, arts. 1-2

■  John Locke, Two Treatises of Government (1713) Bk. 1, ch. 5, §§ 27-28, 31-32, 34

■  Jeremy Bentham, The Theory of Legislation (1864) Pt. 1, Ch. 8

■  Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations (1776) Bk. 1, ch. 2, §§ 1-2; Bk 4, ch. 2, §§ 9, 51

■  Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels, The Communist Manifesto (1848) Chapter 1 (excerpts)

3. The Right to Exclude

■  Sir William Blackstone, Commentaries on the Laws of England (1765) Bk. 1, c. 1, § 3.

■  The Petty Trespasses Act (Manitoba) C.C.S.M. c. P50

■  Loi Sur L’Intrusion (Manitoba) c. P50 de la C.P.L.M.

■  Harrison c. Carswell [1976] 2 S.C.R. 200

■  Committee for the Commonwealth of Canada v. Canada [1991] 1 S.C.R. 139

■  State v. Shack 277 A.2d 369 (N.J. 1971)

4. New property

■  Midler v. Ford Motor Company 849 F.2d 460 (9th Cir. 1988)

■  Yearworth v. North Bristol NHS Trust [2010] QB 1 (C.A.)

Part I: How is Property Acquired?

Chapter 1: First possession: Discovery, Capture, and Creation

1. The Importance of Possession

2. How Do Things Come to Be Owned? The Rule of First Possession

3. Acquisition by Discovery

■  Johnson v. M’Intosh (1823) 21 U.S. (8 Wheat.) 543

4. Acquisition by Capture

■  Pierson v. Post (1805) 3 Cains 175 (C.A. N.Y.)

■  Ghen v. Rich (1881) 8 F. 159 (D. Mass.)

5. Acquisition by Creation

■  Victoria Park Racing Ltd. v. Taylor (1937) [1937] H.C.A. 45

■  International News Service v. Associated Press (1918) 248 U.S. 215

■  Cheney Brothers v. Doris Silk Corp. (1929) 35 F.2d 279 (2d Cir.)

■  Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios Inc. v. Grokster, Ltd. (2005) 545 U.S. 913

Chapter 2: Subsequent Possession: Finds, Adverse Possession, and Gift

1. The Law of Finds

■  Blackstone, Commentaries on the Laws of England (1765) Bk. II, c. 1

■  Armory v. Delamirie (1722) 1 Strange 505, 93 Eng. Rep. 664 (K.B.)

■  Bridges v. Hawkesworth (1851) 21 L.J. Q.B. 75

■  South Staffordshire Water Co. v. Sharman (1896) [1896] 2 Q.B. 44

■  Hannah v. Peel (1945) [1945] 1 K.B. 509

■  McAvoy v. Medina (1866) 93 Mass. (11 Allen) 548 (1866)

■  Moffatt v. Kazana (1969) [1969] 2 Q.B. 152

■  Parker v. British Airways Board (1982) [1982] 1 Q.B. 1004

■  Ontario Limitations Act S.O. 2002, c.24, Sched. B, s. 4

■  Règlement sur les biens personnels découverts Règl du N-B 86-76 (April 30, 1986)

2. Adverse Possession

■  Asher v. Whitlock (1865) [L.R.] 1 Q.B. 1

■  Perry v. Clissold (1907) [1907] A.C. 73 (P.C.)

■  Ontario Real Property Limitations Act R.S.O. 1990, c. L.15, ss. 4, 5, 15

■  Pflug and Pflug v. Collins (1952) [1952] OR 519, [1952] 3 DLR 681, aff’d [1953] 1 DLR 841

■  Re St. Clair Beach Estates Ltd. v. McDonald et al. (1975) 5 O.R. (2d) 482

■  Masidon Investments v. Ham (1984) 45 O.R. (2d) 563 (C.A.)

■  Keefer v. Arillotta (1976) 13 OR (2d) 680 (CA)

■  Mannillo v. Gorski (1969) 255 A.2d 258 (N.J.)

■  O’Keefe v. Snyder (1980) 416 A.2d 862 (N.J.)

3. Gift

■  Gruen v. Gruen (1986) 496 N.E. 2d 869 (N.Y.)

■  Thomas v. Times Book Co., Ltd. (1966) [1966] 1 WLR 911 (Ch. D)

■  Lindh v. Surman (1999) 742 A.2d 643 (Penna.)

Part II: Estates in Land

Chapter 3: Tenure and Estates

■  Paul Kingsnorth, House Prices High? Inequality? I Blame the Normans The Guardian (UK) (Dec. 17, 2012)

1. The Doctrine of Tenure

■  The Attorney General of Ontario v. Mercer (1883) 8 App. Cas. 767 (P.C.)

■  In Re O’Connor’s Estate (1934) 252 N.W. 826 (Neb. 1934)

■  Quia Emptores (1290) 18 Edw. 1, c. 1

■  Tenures Abolition Act (1660) 12 Chas. II c. 24

■  Property and Civil Rights Act (1990) RSO 1990, c. P.29

2. The Doctrine of Estates

■  Jack v. Lyons (1879) 19 N.B.R. 336 (C.A.)

■  Millard v. Gregoire (1913) 47 N.S.R. 78, 11 D.L.R. 539 (C.A.)

■  Conveyancing and Real Property Act (1990) RSO 1990, c. C.34, s.5

■  Ontario Succession Law Reform Act (1990) RSO 1990, c. S.26, s. 26

■  Statute of Westminster II (De Donis Conditionalibus) (1285) 13 Edw 1, c. 1

■  Jane Austin, Pride and Prejudice (1813) Chapter 13

■  Fines and Recoveries Act (1833) 3 and 4 Will 4, cap. 73

■  Gold v. Rowe (1913) 23 O.W.R. 794, 4 O.W.N. 642, 9 D.L.R. 26 (H.C.)

3. The Fee Simple Defeasible

■  Wood v. County Commissioners of Fremont County (1988) 759 P.2d 1250 (Wyo.)

■  Mayor and City Council of Ocean City v. Taber (1977) 367 A.2d 1233 (Md. 1977)

■  Essex County Roman Catholic School Board v. Antaya (1977) 17 OR (2d) 307, 80 D.L.R.(3d) 405 (H.C.J.)

■  In re Tuck’s Settlement Trusts (1978) [1978] Ch. 49 (C.A.)

4. Life Estates

■  Re Cutter (1916) 37 O.L.R. 42, 31 D.L.R. 382 (H.C.)

■  Re Waters (1978) 21 O.R. (2d) 124, 89 D.L.R. (3d) 742 (H.C.J.)

■  Baker v. Weedon (1972) 262 So.2d 641 (Miss.)

■  Melms v. Pabst Brewing Company (1899) 104 Wis. 7 256

■  Woodrick v. Wood (1994) 1994 Ohio App. LEXIS 2258

■  Re Rynard (1980) 31 O.R. (2d) 257, 118 D.L.R. (3d) 530 (C.A.)

5. The Rule in Shelly’s Case

Chapter 4: Future Interest

1. Creating Future Interests

2. Rules Furthering Marketability: Destroying Contingent Future Interests

■  An Act Respecting Uses (Ontario) R.S.O. 1897, Chapter 331

■  Re McKellar (1972) [1972] 3 O.R. 16; 27 D.L.R. (3d) 289 (H.JC.)

■  Canadian Long Island Petroleums Ltd. v. Irving Ltd. (1975) [1975] 2 S.C.R. 715

■  Lucas v. Hamm (1961) 56 Cal.2d 583

■  Perpetuities and Accumulations Act (1964) [1964] UK c. 55, s. 1

■  Perpetuity Act RSBC 1996, c. 358

■  Statutory Rule Against Perpetuities Va. Code 55-12.1

■  Perpetuities Act RSA 2000, c. P-5

Chapter 5: Co-Ownership and Marital Interests

1. Joint Tenancy & Tenancy in Common

■  Riddle v. Harmon (1980) 162 Cal. Rptr. 530 (Cal. C.A.)

■  Harms v. Sprague (1984) 473 N.E.2d 930 (Ill.)

■  Niles v. Lake (1947) 2 D.L.R. 248

■  Osachuk v. Osachuk (1971) 18 D.L.R. (3d) 413 (Mann. C.A.)

■  Williams v. Hensman (1861) 1 John & H. 546

■  Knowlton v. Bartlett (1984) 35 RPR 182 (NB QB Fam. Div.)

■  Cook v. Johnston (1970) 2 O.R. 1 (H.C.)

2. Marital Property

■  Sawada v. Endo (1977) 561 P.2d 1291 (Hawaii)

■  In re Marriage of Graham (1978) 574 P.2d 75 (Colo. 1978)

■  Caratun v. Caratun  42 R.F.L. (3d) 113 (Ont. C.A.)

■  Elkus v. Elkus (1991) 572 N.Y.S.2d 901 (1991)

■  Marvin v. Marvin (1976) 557 P.2d 106

■  Freedman v. Mason (1956) [1956] O.R. 849 (H.C.J).

■  Uniform Probate Code Section 2-202. Elective Share

Chapter 6: Bailments, Leases and Licences

1. Bailment

■  Minichiello v. Devonshire Hotel (1967) Ltd. [1976] 3 W.W.R. 502, 66 D.L.R. (3d) 619 (B.C.S.C.)

2. Lease or Licence?

■  Re Canadian Pacific Holdings, Ltd. and Hodges (1978) 23 O.R. (2d) 577 (Co.Ct.)

3. Types of Leaseholds

■  Garner v. Gerrish (1984) 473 N.E.2d 223 (NY 1984)

■  Crechale & Polles, Inc. v. Smith (1974) 295 So.2d 275 (Miss.)

4. The Form of the Lease

5. Delivery of Possession

■  Hannan v. Dusch (1930) 153 S.E. 824 (Va. Ct. App.)

6. Subleases and Assignments

■  Ernst v. Conditt (1970) 390 S.W.2d 703 (Tenn. Ct. App.)

■  Kendall v. Ernest Pestana, Inc. (1985) 709 P.2d 837 (Cal.)

7. Default by the Tenant

■  Berg v. Wiley (1978) 264 N.W.2d 145 (Minn. S.C.)

■  Watson v. Brown (1984) 686 P.2d.12 (Hawaii S.C.)

■  Ontario Residential Tenancies Act 1997 SO 2006, c. 17 s. 22-24

■  Highway Properties Limited et Kelly, Douglas & Cie (1971) [1971] R.C.S. 562

■  Sommer v. Kridel (1977) 378 A.2d 767 (N.J.S.C.)

■  Holy Properties v. Kenneth Cole Productions, Inc. (1995) 661 N.E.2d 695 (N.Y. 1995)

■  Nova Scotia Residential Tenancies Act (1989) R.S.N.S. 1989, c. 401, s.9(1)

8. Default by the Landlord

■  Reste Realty Corp. v. Cooper (1969) 251 A.2d 268 (N.J.S.C.)

■  Hilder v. St. Peter (1984) 478 A.2d 202 (Vt. S.C.)

■  Alberta Residential Tenancies Act  SA 2004, c. R-17.1, s. 16.1

■  Nova Scotia Residential Tenancies Act (1989) R.S.N.S. 1989, c. 401, s.9(1)

Part III: The Sale and Financing of Real Estate

Chapter 7: Transferring Land

1. The Real Estate Transaction

■  The Statute of Frauds RSO 1990, c. S.19

■  Deglman v. Guaranty Trust Co. Of Canada (1954) [1954] S.C.R. 725

■  Starlite Variety Stores Ltd. V. Cloverlawn Inv., Ltd. (1979) 92 D.L.R. (3d) 270 (Ont. H.C.), aff’d, 106 D.L.R. (3d) 384 (Ont. C.A.)

■  Hickey v. Green (1982)  442 N.E.2d 37 (Mass. Ct. App.)

■  Lysaght v. Edwards (1876) 2 Ch. D. 499

■  Paine v. Meller (1801) 34 E.R. 1088

■  Skelly Oil Co. v. Ashmore (1963) 365 S.W.2d 582

■  Uniform Vendor and Purchaser Risk Act N.Y. Gen. Oblig. Law § 5-1311(1) (McKinney)

2. The Real Estate Sales Contract

■  Agreement of Purchase and Sale

■  Licari v. Blackwelde (1988) 539 A.2d 609 (Conn. Ct. App.)

■  Rowley v. Isley (1951) [1951] 3 D.L.R. 766 (B.C.S.C.)

3. Duty to Disclose Defects

■  Scott-Polson v. Hope (1958) 14 D.L.R. (2d) 333 (B.C.S.C.)

■  Heighington v. Ontario (1987) 41 D.L.R. (4th) 208 (Ont. H.C.), aff’d, 61 D.L.R. (4th) ___ (Ont. C.A.)

■  McGrath v. MacLean (1979) 95 D.L.R. (3d) 144 (Ont. C.A.)

■  Gibb v. Sprague 2008 ABQB 298, 93 Alta. L.R. (4th) 91

■  Stambovsky v. Ackley (1991) 572 N.Y.S.2d 672 (App. Div.)

■  Halpert v. Rosenthal (1970) 107 R.I. 406 (S.C.)

4. Implied and Express Warranties

■  Fraser-Reid v. Droumtsekas (1979) [1980] 1 R.C.S. 720

■  Homeowner Protection Act SBC 1998, c. 31, s. 22

Chapter 8: Title

1. The Deed

■  Brown v. Lober (1979) 389 N.E.2d 1188 (Ill.)

■  Fahmie v. Wulster (1979) 81 N.J. 391, 408 A.2d 789 (N.J.S.C.)

■  Ontario Land Registration Reform Act RSO 1990, c. L.4

■  Chillemi v. Chillemi (1951) 78 A.2d 750 (Md. Ct. App.)

2. The Mortgage

■  Russell v. Mifflin (S.W.) Ltd. (1991) 89 Nfld & P.E.I.R. 168, 278 A.P.R. 168 (Nfld. T.D.)

■  Murphy v. Fin. Dev. Corp. (1985) 495 A.2d 1245 (N.H.S.C.)

3. Priorities and Registration

■  Hodgson v. Marks (1971) [1971] Ch. 892 (C.A.)

■  P.E.I. Land Registry Act RSPEI 1988, c. R-10, s. 43

■  Loi sur l’enregistrement de Nouveau Brunswick LRN-B 1973, c. R-6

■  Ontario Land Registry Act RSO 1990, c. R-20, s. 70.(01), 71

■  Florida Recording Statute Fla. Stat. Ann. § 695.01(1)

■  California Recording Statute Cal. Civ. Code § 1214

Auteur

Matthew P. Harrington

Matthew P. Harrington is Professor of Law in the Faculty of Laws at the Université de Montréal. He teaches property, trusts, and equity.